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Endangered Species Research

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ESR 23:133-147 (2014)  -  DOI:

Effectiveness of mandatory vessel speed limits for protecting North Atlantic right whales

David W. Laist1,*, Amy R. Knowlton2, Daniel Pendleton2

1Marine Mammal Commission, 4340 East-West Highway, Rm. 700, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
2New England Aquarium, 1 Central Wharf, Boston, Massachusetts 02110, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: To reduce right whale Eubalaena glacialis deaths caused by ship collisions along the US East Coast, a rule was implemented on 8 December 2008 requiring all vessels ≥65 feet (19.8 m) to travel 10 knots (18.5 km h-1) or less in 10 seasonal management areas (SMAs). To evaluate the effectiveness of this rule, we plotted the locations of all right whale and humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae carcasses attributed to ship-strikes since December 1990 in US waters to determine their proximity to SMAs. In the 18 yr pre-rule period, 13 of 15 (87%) right whales and 12 of 26 (46%) humpback whales killed by ships were found inside later SMA boundaries or within 45 nmi (83 km) of their perimeters during later active dates. In the first 5 yr after the rule became effective, no ship-struck right whales were found inside or within 45 nmi of any active SMA. This was nearly twice as long as the longest pre-rule period without discovery of a ship-struck carcass in those areas during effective time periods. Based on the 18 yr pre-rule period, bootstrap resampling analyses revealed that the probability of finding no ship-struck whales in or near SMAs during the first 5 yr post-rule period would be a statistically significant reduction in such deaths (p = 0.031). The results suggest the rule has been effective at reducing right whale deaths. We suggest enlarging SMAs to include additional parts of the right whale migratory corridor.

KEY WORDS: North Atlantic right whales · Humpback whales · Ship strikes · Conservation · Vessel speed limits

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Cite this article as: Laist DW, Knowlton AR, Pendleton D (2014) Effectiveness of mandatory vessel speed limits for protecting North Atlantic right whales. Endang Species Res 23:133-147.

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