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ESR 40:297-308 (2019)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00997

Effects of short-term capture on the physiology of white sharks Carcharodon carcharias: amino acids and fatty acids

Austin J. Gallagher1,*, Lauren Meyer2, Heidi R. Pethybridge3, Charlie Huveneers2, Paul A. Butcher4

1Beneath the Waves, PO Box 126, Herndon, VA 20172, USA
2Southern Shark Ecology Group, College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia
3CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, TAS 7004, Australia
4NSW Department of Primary Industries, National Marine Science Centre, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Empirical evaluations of how overexploited marine fishes respond to capture stress (physiologically and behaviourally) have become increasingly important for informed fisheries management. These types of studies are, however, lacking for many protected species. Here, we conducted a novel study on the physiology of juvenile white sharks Carcharodon carcharias (139-325 cm fork length), a globally protected and ecologically important predator, in response to a standard fishery interaction using shark-management-alert-in-real-time (SMART) drumlines as part of a bather protection program. Specifically, we assessed the influence of short-term capture duration (average: ~30 min; range: 10-75 min) and other biological (size) and environmental (temperature) variables on blood plasma amino acids and fatty acids, which play essential roles as energy substrates as well as in maintaining physiological functions. None of the assessed amino acids or fatty acids were affected by capture duration, but some were influenced by shark size and water temperature. Our results support the notion that white shark physiology is robust to capture at short capture durations, which has important implications for the fate of released individuals.


KEY WORDS: Amino acid · Capture · Fatty acid · Fishing · Shark · Stress · Biochemistry · Ecophysiology · White shark


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Cite this article as: Gallagher AJ, Meyer L, Pethybridge HR, Huveneers C, Butcher PA (2019) Effects of short-term capture on the physiology of white sharks Carcharodon carcharias: amino acids and fatty acids. Endang Species Res 40:297-308. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00997

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