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ESR 46:49-65 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr01143

Revising the marine range of the endangered black-capped petrel Pterodroma hasitata: occurrence in the northern Gulf of Mexico and exposure to conservation threats

Patrick G. R. Jodice1,*, Pamela E. Michael2, Jeffrey S. Gleason3, J. Christopher Haney4, Yvan G. Satgé2

1US Geological Survey, South Carolina Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
2South Carolina Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
3US Fish and Wildlife Service, Migratory Birds/Science Applications, Chiefland, FL 32626, USA
4Terra Mar Applied Sciences, LLC, Washington, DC 20012, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The black-capped petrel Pterodroma hasitata is an Endangered seabird endemic to the western North Atlantic. Although estimated at ~1000 breeding pairs, only ~100 nests have been located at 2 sites in Haiti and 3 sites in the Dominican Republic. At sea, the species primarily occupies waters of the western Gulf Stream in the Atlantic and the Caribbean Sea. Due to limited data, there is currently no consensus on the geographic marine range of the species although no current proposed ranges include the Gulf of Mexico. Here, we report on observations of black-capped petrels during 2 vessel-based survey efforts throughout the northern Gulf of Mexico from 2010-2011 and 2017-2019. During 558 d and ~54700 km of surveys, we tallied 40 black-capped petrels. Most observations occurred in the eastern Gulf, although birds were observed over much of the east-west and north-south footprint of the survey area. Predictive models indicated that habitat suitability for black-capped petrels was highest in areas associated with dynamic waters of the Loop Current. We used the extent of occurrence and area of occupancy concepts to delimit the geographic range of the species within the northern Gulf. We suggest that the marine range for black-capped petrels be modified to include the northern Gulf of Mexico, recognizing that distribution may be more clumped in the eastern Gulf and that occurrence in the southern Gulf remains unknown due to a lack of surveys there. To date, however, it remains unclear which nesting areas are linked to the Gulf of Mexico.


KEY WORDS: Area of occupancy · AOO · Black-capped petrel · Extent of occurrence · EOO · Geographic range · Gulf of Mexico · Loop current · Pterodroma hasitata · Vessel surveys


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Cite this article as: Jodice PGR, Michael PE, Gleason JS, Haney JC, Satgé YG (2021) Revising the marine range of the endangered black-capped petrel Pterodroma hasitata: occurrence in the northern Gulf of Mexico and exposure to conservation threats. Endang Species Res 46:49-65. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr01143

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