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ESR 46:67-78 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr01142

Shifts of trade in Javan ferret badgers Melogale orientalis from wildlife markets to online platforms: implications for conservation policy, human health and monitoring

Eilish M. Thomas1,*, K. Anne-Isola Nekaris2, Muhammad Ali Imron3, Phillip Cassey1, Chris R. Shepherd4, Vincent Nijman2

1School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia
2Oxford Wildlife Trade Research Group, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK
3Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
4Monitor Conservation Research Society, Big Lake Ranch, British Columbia V0L 1G0, Canada
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Wildlife trade is increasingly impeding the conservation of imperilled wildlife and is a potential threat to human health. Ferret badgers are extensively traded in China, although the trends, drivers and health implications of ferret badger trade in other parts of Asia remain poorly known. Here, we focus on the pet trade of a little known endemic small carnivore species, Javan ferret badger Melogale orientalis in Indonesia, over a 10 yr period (2011-2020). The Javan ferret badger is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with an unknown population trend. We aimed to gain insight into the magnitude of this trade, its purposes, price trends, distribution records, health risks and shifts to online platforms. We documented 44 ferret badgers in 11 wildlife markets in Java and Bali and 100 ferret badgers for sale on online platforms. We observed a shift in trade from traditional animal markets only, to trade in these markets as well as online. Asking prices, corrected for inflation, declined significantly from ~USD 37 in 2012 to ~USD 22 in 2020, and were related to the purchasing power in cities where trade occurred. Widespread sale of the species highlights that enforcement continues to be overly passive as any trade in the species is illegal. We recommend that the Javan ferret badger be afforded full national protection and prioritised in monitoring efforts to establish its true conservation status. Additionally, concerted efforts are needed to determine if online trade poses a risk to conservation and human health.


KEY WORDS: Wildlife trade · Java · Bali · Small carnivore · Zoonotic diseases · Covid-SARS


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Cite this article as: Thomas EM, Nekaris KAI, Imron MA, Cassey P, Shepherd CR, Nijman V (2021) Shifts of trade in Javan ferret badgers Melogale orientalis from wildlife markets to online platforms: implications for conservation policy, human health and monitoring. Endang Species Res 46:67-78. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr01142

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