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Endangered Species Research

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ESR 51:1-13 (2023)  -  DOI:

Rapid expansion of the golden jackal in Greece: research, management and conservation priorities

Alexandros A. Karamanlidis1,2,*,#, Miguel de Gabriel Hernando1,3,#, Melina Avgerinou1, Wiesław Bogdanowicz4, Kiriakos Galanis5, Sylvia Kalogeropoulou1, Lambros Krambokoukis1, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos6, Christos Taklis7

1ARCTUROS - Civil Society for the Protection and Management of Wildlife and the Natural Environment, 53075 Aetos, Florina, Greece
2Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 1432 Ås, Norway
3Department of Conservation Biology, Estación Biológica de Doñana-CSIC, 41092 Sevilla, Spain
4Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wilcza 64, 00-679 Warsaw, Poland
5Ecological Movement of Patra, Mavrokordatou 37, 26333 Patra, Greece
6Society for the Protection of Nature - Wild Animal Rehabilitation Centre, Kiknon & Sofokli Avenue, 52100 Kastoria, Greece
7BiodiversityGR, Liri, 37006 Pelion, Greece
*Corresponding author:
#These authors contributed equally to this work

ABSTRACT: A rapid and extensive range expansion of the golden jackal has recently been documented in continental Europe, raising new policy and legal questions and creating an urgent need to understand the mechanisms underlying this distribution change. Because of human persecution, the jackal population in Greece went through a serious bottleneck and is therefore now listed as endangered. We used data from field work and publicly accessible sources as well as general linear models to assess the evolution of jackal presence and to identify important variables that could predict occupancy probability and potential expansion, and priority conservation and management areas for the species in Greece. Our results indicate a rapid expansion of approximately 320% of the golden jackal range in Greece in less than 5 jackal generations. Distance to their previous distribution range and the presence of wolves had a negative effect, while percentage of wetlands, arable land and permanent crops had a positive effect in predicting the probability of jackal occupancy in Greece. Potential areas of expansion were identified mainly in the western and central parts of the Greek mainland and the island of Euboea. Only 22.6% of the potential priority conservation areas for the jackal in Greece are currently under legal protection, and of these, 23.8% are suitable for targeted management actions. Based on these results we define concrete research, conservation and management priorities for golden jackals in Greece.

KEY WORDS: Canis aureus · Endangered species · Generalized linear models · Greece · Population expansion · Priority conservation areas · Priority management areas

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Cite this article as: Karamanlidis AA, de Gabriel Hernando M, Avgerinou M, Bogdanowicz W and others (2023) Rapid expansion of the golden jackal in Greece: research, management and conservation priorities. Endang Species Res 51:1-13.

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