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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 164:1-11 (1998)  -  doi:10.3354/meps164001

Flux of biogenic carbon in oceans: size-dependent regulation by pelagic food webs

Louis Legendre*, Josée Michaud

Département de biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec G1K 7P4, Canada

A central topic of modern biological oceanography is the flux of biogenic carbon (BC) towards large metazoans (i.e. renewable resources) and into deep waters (i.e. carbon sequestration, which may mitigate climate change). Two relevant characteristics of marine pelagic food webs are the turnover time of BC (τ) and the size ratio of consumers to their food particles (ξ). Based on an extensive review of the literature, the present paper develops empirical equations to quantify the minimum turnover time (τmin) of BC incorporated in marine pelagic organisms and the residence time (τs) of BC above depth zs (e.g. 1000 m), below which BC cannot rapidly return to the surface waters or the atmosphere. Both τmin and τs are used in conjunction with ξ to assess the food-web regulation of BC fluxes. The paper shows that τmin, τs, and ξ provide objective criteria for defining functional groups of organisms that are well suited for studying food-web mediated C flux. As the size of organisms feeding on smaller prey increases, there is a proportional lengthening of τmin (incorporation of BC in the body mass of larger organisms) and proportional shortening of τs (aggregation in faster sinking faecal pellets). The resulting increased flux towards the pools of long-lived organic C (10-2< τ< 102 yr) and sequestered BC (τ > 102 yr) are significant for renewable resources and climate change, respectively.

Carbon flux · Ocean · Food web · Allometry · Turnover time · Residence time

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