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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 268:173-182 (2004)  -  doi:10.3354/meps268173

Landing on one¹s foot: small-scale topographic features of habitat and the dispersion of juvenile intertidal gastropods

A. J. Underwood*

Centre for Research on Ecological Impacts of Coastal Cities, Marine Ecology Laboratories, A11, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia

ABSTRACT: The associations of densities of very early recruits of mobile intertidal species with features of their habitat have rarely been examined in the field. Here, experimental manipulation of local topography (by provision of cracks, grooves and pits of various sizes) demonstrated species-specific responses by animals naturally recruiting into experimental plots. Densities of small (<3 mm) juvenile snails (Austrocochlea porcata, Bembicium nanum and Nerita atramentosa) and limpets (Cellana tramoserica and Patelloida latistrigata) varied among experimental topographies in consistent ways. Although local densities were influenced by appropriate topographic features, only N. atramentosa and P. latistrigata showed increased density per area of shore with alteration of topography. For the former species, provision of grooves and large pits also caused enhanced densities on open surfaces. P. latistrigata had decreased densities on open surfaces, but very much enhanced densities in grooves and other features, thus increasing total numbers in an area. Experimental transplantation and subsequent movements of small juveniles demonstrated very similar patterns to those shown after natural recruitment, indicating behavioural responses to local topography. Responses to small-scale topography can explain small-scale variation in numbers of very early recruits of intertidal gastropods.

KEY WORDS: Dispersion · Juvenile gastropods · Microhabitat · Rocky shore · Topography

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