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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 291:43-52 (2005)  -  doi:10.3354/meps291043

Proximate composition and energetic value of demersal and pelagic prey species from the SW Atlantic Ocean

E. B. Eder1, M. N. Lewis2,*

1Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia, San Juan Bosco, Boulevard Brown 5000, (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina
2Centro Nacional Patagónico –CONICET, Boulevard Brown 3500, (9120) Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: This study describes the proximate composition (moisture, lipid, protein and ash content) and energetic value of 39 species (27 teleosts, 3 sharks, 7 rays and 2 squids) that are known as key prey or potential prey of top predators on the Patagonian continental shelf. Specimens were collected in the SW Atlantic Ocean in the area 39 to 51°S, 55 to 65°W. Fifty-two catches were performed at a depth range of 73 to 370 m: 27 catches in autumn and 25 in summer. A multivariate correspondence analysis showed an association between species identity and certain biochemical variables (main dimension = 83% of variance explained). Sharks and some demersal-pelagic teleosts were associated with lipids (9 to 18% wet mass). Teleosts constituted a higher source of protein (9–28% wet mass) than elasmobranches. Rays were nutritionally poor, with the lowest lipid contents (2 to 10%) and energy values (3 to 7 kJ g–1 wet mass), in agreement with the general biochemical characteristics of benthic fishes. Demersal-benthic and demersal-pelagic species did not change in their nutritional values with increasing size. However, demersal-benthic species increased seasonally in protein content from 11–16% in summer to 10–19% in autumn. The energetic value of teleosts from the SW Atlantic Ocean was not different from those of the Pacific or Indian Southern Ocean, but was higher than the energetic value of teleosts from the Northern Hemisphere. This study contributes to the understanding of the biochemical composition and energetic value of prey species over the seasons and their relevance as potential prey for top predators.

KEY WORDS: Nutritional quality · Energetic value · Teleosts · Elasmobranches · Cephalopods · Southwestern Atlantic Ocean

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