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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 308:221-230 (2006)  -  doi:10.3354/meps308221

Population genetic structure of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica in the northwest Pacific Ocean: evidence of non-panmictic populations

Mei-Chen Tseng1,4, Wann-Nian Tzeng2, Sin-Che Lee3,*

1Institute of Zoology and 2Institute of Fisheries Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
3Department of Life Science, Tunghai University, Taichung 407, Taiwan
4Present address: Department of Aquaculture, Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 912, Taiwan
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: The catadromous Japanese eel has an unusual life history. Controversy remains, however, as to whether its population structure is characterized by panmixia or genetic differentiation. Migration patterns are considered an important factor in determining a species’ population structure. Eight polymorphic microsatellite loci were used as genetic markers through which we were able to reject the null hypothesis of panmixia. Slight genetic differentiation between these populations was determined by Wright’s and Slatkin’s fixation indices, FST and RST statistics adjusted using Bonferroni’s correction. Although isolation-by-distance is often observed in marine species, the present result is thought to follow the member-vagrant migratory hypothesis. The metapopulation model fits the elver recruitment strategy according to results of the high probability of assignment test. The UPGMA tree showed the Japanese eel populations as being divided into 2 groups: a low-latitude group (Shantou in South China, and Tanshui and Fangliao in Taiwan) and a high-latitude group (Mikawa Bay in Japan, Daecheon-myon in Korea, and the Yalu River and Hangzhou in Northeast China). Temporal genetic variations indicate that most progeny return to similar habitats where their ancestors formerly resided. There was a high correlation (AMOVA; p < 0.05) when the Japanese eel was divided into the 2 management units (high- and low-latitude groups). These units will be useful when applied to fisheries conservation and management in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

KEY WORDS: Catadromous eel · Fisheries management units · Genetic differentiation · Member-vagrant model · Microsatellites

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