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MEPS
Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 380:129-135 (2009)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps07954

Fine-scale layer of hydromedusae is revealed by video plankton recorder (VPR) in a semi-enclosed bay in northern Norway

H. P. Jacobsen*, M. F. Norrbin

Norwegian College of Fishery Sciences, University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway

ABSTRACT: High resolution images of zooplankton organisms were recorded in situ using a digital autonomous video plankton recorder (VPR) in a semi-enclosed bay in northern Norway. Data from vertical VPR profiles was used to estimate the depth distribution and abundance of zooplankton along a bay-wide grid. Images were recorded simultaneously with hydrographical data, and the spatial distribution of different organisms was related to several water column characteristics, such as chlorophyll a, density, and buoyancy frequencies. In June, unusually high abundances of hydromedusae (Rathkea octopunctata and Obelia sp.) were located in a fine-scale layer of a few metres thickness. This layer could be associated with relatively high buoyancy frequencies, reflecting a density gradient present throughout the entire sampling area. Aggregation of hydromedusae around density discontinuities may have enabled retention of medusae in the bay. Ctenophores and appendicularians were distributed above the medusae layer, while peaks of copepod abundance were found outside the layer boundaries. We suggest that the bloom of R. octopunctata was initially caused by liberation of new medusae from successful benthic hydroid colonies, and that proliferation of this species was sustained by asexual, manubrial budding in the medusae stage.


KEY WORDS: Zooplankton · Hydromedusae · Video plankton recorder · Vertical distribution


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Cite this article as: Jacobsen HP, Norrbin MF (2009) Fine-scale layer of hydromedusae is revealed by video plankton recorder (VPR) in a semi-enclosed bay in northern Norway. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 380:129-135. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps07954

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