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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 395:1-3 (2009)  -  DOI:

Acoustics in marine ecology: innovation in technology expands the use of sound in ocean science

Brandon L. Southall1,*, Douglas P. Nowacek2

1University of California, 911 Center St, Santa Cruz, California 95060, USA
2Nicholas School of the Environment & Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University, 135 Duke Marine Lab Rd, Beaufort, North Carolina 28516, USA

ABSTRACT: This Theme Section provides an overview of the increasing importance of acoustics in understanding marine ecosystems, and of the scientific and management drivers behind recent development and implementation of acoustic technologies. We focus on 3 issues, which are explored in greater depth by contributions to the Theme Section: (1) passive listening systems to measure and monitor marine ecosystems; (2) active acoustic technologies to explore habitat use and predator–prey behavior; and (3) effects of anthropogenic sound on the marine environment. We call for more explicit consideration and support by international scientific organizations, given the rapid developments in technology and approaches described across the Theme Section, for these essential acoustic research and monitoring efforts, to support basic scientific understanding and adaptive conservation management.

KEY WORDS: Acoustic ecology · Passive and active acoustics · Communication · Remote sensing · Noise impacts · Marine life · Conservation management

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Cite this article as: Southall BL, Novacek DP (2009) Acoustics in marine ecology: innovation in technology expands the use of sound in ocean science. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 395:1-3.

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