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MEPS
Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 426:263-276 (2011)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09011

Fatty acids in harp seal blubber do not necessarily reflect their diet

Otto Grahl-Nielsen1,*, Tore Haug2, Ulf Lindstrøm2, Kjell T. Nilssen2

1Department of Chemistry, University of Bergen, 5007 Bergen, Norway
2Institute of Marine Research, PO Box 6404, 9294 Tromsø, Norway

ABSTRACT: The predator–prey relationship with respect to fatty acids (FAs) was studied in 57 harp seals Pagophilus groenlandicus and 16 potential prey species collected simultaneously in the northwestern Barents Sea in May–June 2006. The FA composition of potential prey and the inner and outer sections of the seal blubber was determined. The blubber was stratified with a higher abundance of monounsaturated FAs (14 to 18 carbons) in the outer layer and a higher abundance of saturated FAs and monounsaturated long-chain FAs (20 to 24 FAs) in the inner layer. The FA composition differed substantially among potential prey species and between the prey and the blubber. The FA composition of the prey species, which was identified from stomach and/or intestine contents, was more similar to that of the blubber than that of the prey not found in the stomach or intestines. The FA composition of the outer blubber layer was independent of prey composition but dependent on the age of the seals. The weak predator–prey relationship with respect to FA composition of the inner blubber and the prey suggested that the FA composition of the inner layer was mainly predetermined by metabolism rather than the FA composition of the diet. Thus, using blubber FA composition as an estimation of prey use appears unreliable.


KEY WORDS: Harp seals · Pagophilus groenlandicus · Blubber fatty acids · Blubber stratification · Predator–prey relationship


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Cite this article as: Grahl-Nielsen O, Haug T, Lindstrøm U, Nilssen KT (2011) Fatty acids in harp seal blubber do not necessarily reflect their diet. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 426:263-276. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09011

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