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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 434:279-289 (2011)  -  DOI:

Scientific approaches to address challenges in coastal management

A. M. Nobre*

Institute of Marine Research (IMAR), Centre for Ocean and Environment, New University of Lisbon. FCT, Campus da Caparica,
2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
Present address: SIMTEJO - Saneamento Integrado dos Municípios do Tejo e Trancão, SA, Avenida Defensor de Chaves, 45, 2º, 1000-112 Lisboa, Portugal

ABSTRACT: Anthropogenic activity has a negative impact on many coastal ecosystems, compromising the significant direct and indirect socio-economic benefits provided in these areas. Maintaining activities that depend on coastal zones while preserving the ecological state of the ecosystems represents a management challenge. Management of coastal zones requires scientifically based knowledge, due to the complexity of the ecological processes which occur in these ecosystems and because of interaction with the socio-economic system. The effectiveness of coastal management instruments and programmes needs to be evaluated to determine the success of adopted measures and to establish improved goals. Some of the research areas that can support coastal management include marine spatial planning, ecological modelling, development of tools to communicate science to managers, and interaction between coastal ecosystems and socio-economics. This paper reviews management instruments to address coastal zone problems and of some research areas to support management.

KEY WORDS: Integrated coastal zone management · Ecosystem-based management · Marine spatial planning · Ecosystem model · Integrated environmental assessment · Differential drivers-pressure-state-impact-response approach · Ecological economics

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Cite this article as: Nobre AM (2011) Scientific approaches to address challenges in coastal management. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 434:279-289.

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