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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 441:151-164 (2011)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09365

Changes in abundance of the neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii in relation to climate change in the central North Pacific Ocean

Taro Ichii1,6,*, Kedarnath Mahapatra2, Mitsuo Sakai3, Toshie Wakabayashi3, Hiroshi Okamura3, Hiromichi Igarashi4, Denzo Inagake5, Yoshihiro Okada2

1National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, 5-7-1 Orido, Shimizu-ward, Shizuoka-city, Shizuoka 424-8633, Japan
2School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University, 3-20-1 Orido, Shimizu-ward, Shizuoka-city, Shizuoka 424-8610, Japan
3National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, 2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ward, Yokohama-city, Kanagawa 236-8648, Japan
4Data Research Center for Marine-Earth Sciences, JAMSTEC, 3173-25, Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ward, Yokohama-city, Kanagawa 236-0001 Japan
5National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, 2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ward, Yokohama-city, Kanagawa 236-8648, Japan
6Present address: Fisheries Agency, 1-2-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ward, Tokyo 100-8907, Japan

ABSTRACT: Interannual changes in abundance of the autumn cohort of neon flying squid Ommastraphes bartramii during 1979 to 2006 were examined in relation to the large-scale climate shift in the central North Pacific Ocean. Catch per unit of effort (CPUE) of driftnet surveys, which is assumed to reflect the squid stock level, was very low during 1999 to 2002, which was an anomalous climate period. Given that the autumn cohort uses productive areas near and north of the transition zone chlorophyll front (TZCF) as favorable nursery and feeding grounds, we examined 3 covariates—(1) the winter position of the TZCF in the neon flying squid nursery ground, (2) the summer position of the TZCF in the feeding ground and (3) fishing mortality—to estimate which covariates were significantly correlated with low CPUE time periods. Multiple linear regression analysis suggested that only the effect of winter position of the TZCF in the nursery ground best predicted the change in the CPUE. The anomalous climate conditions caused a significant reduction in net primary production over an extended area within the subtropical frontal zone (STFZ), which is the main nursery ground for the autumn cohort. Hence, we assume that food availability for juvenile neon flying squid could be critical for the level of stock recruitment of this cohort. Furthermore, the sea level anomaly (SLA), which is considered to be a useful index of variability in the upper ocean structure, significantly correlated to the CPUE during spawning and nursery periods in the STFZ. Our study supports the hypothesis that the bottom-up effect of the climate shift can be manifested rapidly in neon flying squid, indicating that squid abundance can act as a productivity integrator and a real-time ecosystem indicator that respond to large-scale environment changes.


KEY WORDS: Neon flying squid · Climate shift · Transition zone chlorophyll front · Net primary productivity · Subtropical Frontal Zone · Bottom-up effect · Marine ecosystem


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Cite this article as: Ichii T, Mahapatra K, Sakai M, Wakabayashi T and others (2011) Changes in abundance of the neon flying squid Ommastrephes bartramii in relation to climate change in the central North Pacific Ocean. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 441:151-164. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09365

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