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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 455:13-31 (2012)  -  DOI:

Importance of phytodetritus and microphytobenthos for heterotrophs in a shallow subtidal sandy sediment

Victor Evrard1,4,*, Markus Huettel2,5, Perran L. M. Cook2,4, Karline Soetaert1, Carlo H. R. Heip1, Jack J. Middelburg1,3

1Department of Ecosystems Studies, Royal Netherlands Institute of Sea Research (NIOZ) (formerly: Netherlands Institute of Ecology, NIOO-KNAW), PO Box 140, 4400 AC Yerseke, the Netherlands
2Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstraße 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, Budapestlaan 4, 3584 CD Utrecht, the Netherlands
4Present address: Water Studies Centre, Monash University, Wellington Rd, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia
5Present address: Department of Oceanography, Florida State University, 117 N Woodward Ave., Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4320, USA

ABSTRACT: The relative importance of allochthonous phytodetritus deposition and autochthonous microphytobenthos (MPB) production for benthic consumers in an organic carbon (Corg)-poor sandy sediment was assessed using a 13C-stable isotope natural abundance study combined with a dual 13C-tracer addition approach. In a first experiment (Expt 1), a set of sediment cores received a pulse of 13C-labelled phytodetritus and the fate of that organic matter was followed in the benthic food web (bacteria, meiofauna and macrofauna) over a period of 72 h. In a second experiment (Expt 2), the MPB present in a set of sediment cores was labelled with 13C-bicarbonate and the fate of labelled MPB was followed the same way over a period of 96 h. Natural 13C abundances of sources and consumers revealed that the benthic food web likely relied primarily on MPB. In particular, diatoms contributed at least 40% to the diet of 12 out of the 16 taxonomic groups identified. The dual approach revealed the complexity of the trophic interactions and gave evidence for resource partitioning between 2 species of harpacticoid copepods. Both 13C-tracer addition experiments showed a fast transfer of label to most heterotrophs. Bacteria, which comprised the largest fraction of the heterotroph biomass, incorporated more 13C than other consumers. Meiofauna had similar relative incorporations in both experiments and likely relied equally on benthic and pelagic inputs. Macrofauna relied significantly more on MPB. In both experiments, most of the 13C-label that was incorporated by heterotrophs was respired. While phytodetritus-derived Corg consumed by heterotrophs was 41 mg C m-2, MPB-derived was at least one order of magnitude higher. The benthic community growth efficiency in Expt 2 (40%) was higher than that of Expt 1 (25%), confirming the pivotal role of MPB.

KEY WORDS: Stable isotopes · 13C · Food web · Benthic microalgae · Phytoplankton · Meiofauna · Macrofauna · Bacteria

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Cite this article as: Evrard V, Huettel M, Cook PLM, Soetaert K, Heip CHR, Middelburg JJ (2012) Importance of phytodetritus and microphytobenthos for heterotrophs in a shallow subtidal sandy sediment. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 455:13-31.

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