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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 474:167-177 (2013)  -  DOI:

Particle selection and regulation of particle uptake by the slipper limpet Crepipatella fecunda

O. R. Chaparro1,*, J. A. Montory1, S. V. Pereda1, R. J. Thompson2, G. Rivera1, S. J. A. Osores1, C. J. Segura1

1Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
2Ocean Sciences Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland A1C 5S7, Canada

ABSTRACT: We established the role of the pallial filter in the suspension-feeding slipper limpet Crepipatella fecunda (Gastropoda, Calyptraeidae), which inhabits coastal areas of southern Chile characterised by sediment resuspension resulting from tidal forces. We determined that this species is capable of qualitative and quantitative pre-ingestive selection of particles. We exposed individual limpets to diets composed of a mixture of sediment and microalgae and measured the particle concentrations in the inhalent region, the infrabranchial cavity and the exhalent region, allowing us to derive an electivity index individually for the pallial filter and the gill. At a particle concentration at which pseudofaeces are always produced, and regardless of the proportion of sediment in the diet, the pallial filter selectively removed sediment (inorganic) material from suspension and diverted it into the lateral canal of the mantle for rejection. Qualitative particle selection on the gill was observed when the proportion of microalgae in the diet was low and microalgae were preferentially retained. When the diet was composed entirely of sediment, the gill retained only 15% of the suspended particles. The gill is more a collector than a selector of particles, while the pallial filter regulates the concentration of particles entering the pallial cavity and increases the nutritional quality of the suspension available for removal by the gill, thereby partially compensating for the high proportions of inorganic matter in the resuspended sediment which the limpet encounters during the tidal cycle, especially in the periods immediately before exposure to air and after reimmersion.

KEY WORDS: Particle selection · Crepipatella · Seston

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Cite this article as: Chaparro OR, Montory JA, Pereda SV, Thompson RJ, Rivera G, Osores SJA, Segura CJ (2013) Particle selection and regulation of particle uptake by the slipper limpet Crepipatella fecunda. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 474:167-177.

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