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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 480:227-243 (2013)  -  DOI:

Theory, consequences and evidence of eroding population spatial structure in harvested marine fishes: a review

Lorenzo Ciannelli1,*, Jonathan A. D. Fisher2, Mette Skern-Mauritzen3, Mary E. Hunsicker1, Manuel Hidalgo4, Kenneth T. Frank5, Kevin M. Bailey6

1College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
2Centre for Fisheries Ecosystems Research, Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador A1C 5R3, Canada
3Marine Mammal Research Group, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
4Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centre Ocenogràfic de les Balears, Moll de Ponent s/n, Palma 07015, Spain
5Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Ocean Science Division, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Canada
6National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington 98115, USA

ABSTRACT: In marine populations, spatial structure arises over a wide range of scales and forms hierarchical aggregations. Changing spatial structure can alter the demographic and life history trait variation within populations and subject individuals to both novel environmental conditions and interspecific interactions. Thus, changes in the spatial structure of marine populations can be a prelude to further changes in abundance and can affect the resilience and recovery potential of populations following anthropogenic and environmental perturbations. These observations underscore the importance of studying the spatial ecology of marine fish populations in order to (1) understand the underlying mechanisms that can lead to rapid alterations in population abundance and community interactions, (2) provide indicators of stock health, and (3) characterize the consequences of changing spatial patterns on population susceptibility to exploitation and environmental variability. Here, we synthesize the interacting factors that influence the formation, maintenance and erosion of spatial structure in marine fish populations and identify the further consequences of such erosion at the population and community levels. We emphasize human driven changes of population spatial structure for 3 levels of population genetic aggregation that are common in fisheries management scenarios, namely sympatric populations, metapopulations and panmictic populations. Case studies are presented for each level of aggregation. Throughout our review, we both summarize the factors that link spatial and temporal dynamics in marine populations and highlight the management and conservation implications of such linkages.

KEY WORDS: Spatial structure · Spatial ecology · Population dynamics · Fisheries

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Cite this article as: Ciannelli L, Fisher JAD, Skern-Mauritzen M, Hunsicker ME, Hidalgo M, Frank KT, Bailey KM (2013) Theory, consequences and evidence of eroding population spatial structure in harvested marine fishes: a review. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 480:227-243.

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