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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 494:219-230 (2013)  -  DOI:

Genetic variation in a newly established population of the Atlantic rock crab Cancer irroratus in Iceland

Óskar Sindri Gíslason1,2,*, Snæbjörn Pálsson1, Niall J. McKeown3, Halldór P. Halldórsson2, Paul W. Shaw3, Jörundur Svavarsson1,2

1Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland, Sturlugata 7 and Aragata 9, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
2The University of Iceland’s Research Centre in Suðurnes, University of Iceland, Garðvegur 1, 245 Sandgerði, Iceland
3Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS), Aberystwyth University, Penglais, Aberystwyth, SY23 3FG, UK

ABSTRACT: The Atlantic rock crab Cancer irroratus is native along the east coast of North America. The species was first recorded in Iceland in 2006 and has since rapidly spread throughout the country’s southwestern and western coastal waters. The transport of larvae in ballast water is the most probable route by which introduction into Iceland occurred. As this species is commercially valuable, it may be possible to establish a viable industry harvesting rock crabs in Iceland; however, to do this, more information on species-wide genetic diversity and demography is required. In this study, genetic variation at 7 microsatellite markers was analyzed in samples from Iceland and 5 sites in North America, capturing most of the known range of this species. Our results divided samples from the native range into 2 groups, divided by a previously proposed barrier to gene flow, compatible with local hydrographic factors restricting larval-mediated gene flow. The Icelandic population was markedly differentiated from all other samples, but exhibited comparable levels of genetic diversity with no evidence of small population effects or genetic bottlenecks. No single population could be identified as a source for the Icelandic population, though the likely origin could be attributed to the ‘northern group’ in the native range. Genetic data indicate that the number of founders of the Icelandic population was sufficient to retain genetic variation. As the Icelandic population shows evidence of self-recruitment and population expansion, it may represent a potential harvestable resource in Iceland.

KEY WORDS: Crustacea · Decapoda · Biological invasion · Bottleneck · Genetic diversity · Population connectivity · Microsatellite

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Cite this article as: Gíslason ÓS, Pálsson S, McKeown NJ, Halldórsson HP, Shaw PW, Svavarsson J (2013) Genetic variation in a newly established population of the Atlantic rock crab Cancer irroratus in Iceland. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 494:219-230.

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