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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 500:287-290 (2014)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10759

REPLY COMMENT
Use of mixing models for Humboldt squid diet analysis: Reply to Field et al. (2014)

Todd W. Miller1,5, Keith L. Bosley2, Junya Shibata1, Richard D. Brodeur3, Koji Omori1, Robert Emmett3,4

1Global Center of Excellence, Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University, 2-5 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan
2Fishery Resource Analysis and Monitoring Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 2032 SE Marine Science Drive, Newport, Oregon 97365, USA
3Fish Ecology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA,
2030 SE Marine Science Drive, Newport, Oregon 97365, USA
4Present address: Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, Point Adams Research Station,
520 Heceta Place, Hammond, Oregon 97121, USA
5Present address: Fisheries Research Section, Division of Fish and Wildlife, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Saipan, MP 96950, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Field et al. (2014; Mar Ecol Prog Ser 500:281-285) comment on our application of a Bayesian isotope-mixing model (SIAR) to examine the relative contribution of prey from different regions to Dosidicus gigas diet, and point out that our model violated assumptions of D. gigas feeding. We agree in part with their position that the use of SIAR for assessing contributions of sources from different regions for an omnivorous species may be unreliable. However, the results from our study and from the prevailing literature and data indicate that the D. gigas we collected in the Northern California Current (NCC) isotopically matched the NCC baseline and were isotopically distinct from prey resources in the Southern California Current. Field et al.’s (2014) comments on the distribution and abundance of D. gigas in the NCC missed results from the primary literature which show that D. gigas and their purported prey are predominantly distributed along the shelf-slope waters of the NCC, well within the offshore extent of our study. The discrepancy of not finding myctophids as significant sources to D. gigas diet in our study may lie in the fact that our isotope values of myctophids came from adults only, and that smaller conspecifics with lower relative δ15N values would have shown a greater contribution from this trophic group. The conclusion we reached of lower trophic level feeding by D. gigas in our study relative to previous diet studies remains valid.


KEY WORDS: Dosidicus gigas · Stable isotopes · Trophic level · Source production


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Cite this article as: Miller TW, Bosley KL, Shibata J, Brodeur RD, Omori K, Emmett R (2014) Use of mixing models for Humboldt squid diet analysis: Reply to Field et al. (2014). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 500:287-290. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10759

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