Inter-Research > MEPS > v508 > p211-222  
MEPS
Marine Ecology Progress Series

via Mailchimp

MEPS 508:211-222 (2014)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10874

Seasonal migration, vertical activity, and winter temperature experience of Greenland halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides in West Greenland waters

Jesper Boje1, Stefan Neuenfeldt1, Claus Reedtz Sparrevohn2, Ole Eigaard1, Jane W. Behrens1,*

1Technical University of Denmark, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Kavalergaarden 6, 2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark
2Danish Pelagic Producers Organization, HC Andersens Boulevard 37, 1553 Copenhagen, Denmark
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The deep-water flatfish Greenland halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Walbaum) is common along the West Greenland coast. In the northwestern fjords, Greenland halibut is an important socio-economic resource for the Greenland community, but due to the deep and partly ice-covered environment, very little is known about its behavior and habitat characteristics. We tagged adult Greenland halibut in the waters off Ilulissat with electronic data storage tags that collected information on depth, temperature, and time. Although clear differences between individuals in migration and vertical behavior were present, we discovered a consistent seasonal migration from the relatively shallow-water Disko Bay area into the deep waters of the Ilulissat Icefjord, where the fish resided in the winter months before returning to Disko Bay. Vertical activity was pronounced at both locations, with fish covering vertical distances of up to 100 m within 15 min. During the winter months, the fish experienced temperatures between ca. 0 and 4°C, with most experiencing temperatures of 2 to 3°C. Irrespective of year and quarter of the year, the fish experienced warmer water and a broader range of temperatures when resident in Disko Bay (mean range 2.6°C) than when resident in the ice fjord (mean range 1.4°C). Using the tagged halibut as a ‘live tool,’ we show that parts of the ice fjord are hundreds of meters deeper than previously thought. We also document the first seawater temperature measurements made beneath the Jakobshavn Isbræ outlet glacier, revealing a positive relationship between depth and temperature for the upper 600 m and a between-year variation in temperatures beneath the ice sheet in 2001, 2002, and 2003.


KEY WORDS: Archival tags · Arctic · Behavior · Habitat · Seawater temperatures · Swimming speed


Full text in pdf format 
Cite this article as: Boje J, Neuenfeldt S, Sparrevohn CR, Eigaard O, Behrens JW (2014) Seasonal migration, vertical activity, and winter temperature experience of Greenland halibut Reinhardtius hippoglossoides in West Greenland waters. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 508:211-222. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10874

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
Facebook - - linkedIn