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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 551:117-130 (2016)  -  DOI:

Validation and improvement of species distribution models for structure-forming invertebrates in the eastern Bering Sea with an independent survey

Christopher N. Rooper1,*, Michael F. Sigler2, Pam Goddard1, Pat Malecha3, Rick Towler1, Kresimir Williams1, Rachel Wilborn1, Mark Zimmermann1

1Resource Assessment and Conservation Engineering Division, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington 98115, USA
2Habitat and Ecological Processes Research Program, and 3Auke Bay Laboratories, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Juneau, Alaska 99801, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Species distribution modeling is a useful tool for informing ecosystems management. However, validation of model predictions through independent surveys is rarely attempted in marine environments, which are challenging to study and often contain sensitive habitats. We conducted an underwater camera survey of the eastern Bering Sea slope and outer shelf as an independent test of species distribution modeling of deep-sea corals, sponges and sea whips based on bottom trawl survey data. We also refined model predictions by combining species distribution models based on both bottom trawl and underwater camera survey data. The camera survey also was conducted to determine density and size of the taxa. The trawl model predictions generally were confirmed by the camera observations (area under the receiver–operator curve [AUC] values of 0.63 to 0.73). Combining bottom trawl and camera survey model predictions improved predictive ability (AUC values of 0.74 to 0.90 for camera observations). Corals were distributed in Pribilof Canyon and the slope area to the northwest of the canyon, and colony densities averaged 0.005 ind. m–2 and ranged from 0 to 0.28 ind. m–2. The low densities were consistent with the absence of hard substrates for coral attachment in most areas of the eastern Bering Sea. Sponge and sea whip density averaged 0.11 ind. m–2, with sponge density ranging from 0 to 13.1 and sea whip density ranging from 0 to 8.4 ind. m–2. Invertebrate heights were generally small, with most taxonomic groups <20 cm in average height. This type of study is vital to providing the best scientific advice for spatial management of structure-forming invertebrates, so that decisions concerning the protection of these vulnerable communities can be implemented with a clear basis for priorities.

KEY WORDS: Benthic invertebrates · Habitat · Underwater survey · Species distribution models · Model validation · Invertebrate size structure · Density · Eastern Bering Sea · Alaska

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Cite this article as: Rooper CN, Sigler MF, Goddard P, Malecha P and others (2016) Validation and improvement of species distribution models for structure-forming invertebrates in the eastern Bering Sea with an independent survey. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 551:117-130.

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