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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 559:159-173 (2016)  -  DOI:

Ecological niche of coastal Beaufort Sea fishes defined by stable isotopes and fatty acids

Jasmine D. Brewster1,2,*, Carolina Giraldo2, Heidi Swanson3, Wojciech Walkusz2,4, Tracey N. Loewen2,5, Jim D. Reist2, Gary A. Stern1, Lisa L. Loseto1,2

1Department of Environment and Geography, University of Manitoba, 220 Sinnott Building, 70A Dysart Road, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
2Freshwater Institute/Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 501 University Cres., Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N6, Canada
3Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave. W, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
4Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Powstancow Warszawy 55, 81-712 Sopot, Poland
5Department of Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, 240 Wallace Building, 125 Dysart Rd., Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Little is known about the trophic ecology of freshwater, coastal and marine fish species that utilize coastal environments in the Beaufort Sea. In this study we use stable isotopes (SI) and fatty acid (FA) profiles to (1) characterize habitat and diet components of the ecological niche for 16 co-occurring fish species, (2) quantify niche overlap among these species and groups of species, and (3) identify resource partitioning and niche shift indicators for future monitoring. Ward’s cluster analysis of SI (δ13C, δ15N) results identified 3 representative isotopic groups that were consistent with known life-history groups: marine, freshwater-rearing and coastal fishes. Correspondence and Ward’s clustering analyses on FA profiles resulted in 5 FA groups that indicated feeding preferences and included: pelagic marine-feeding, benthic and pelagic brackish (both freshwater and marine)-feeding, benthic freshwater-feeding, benthic marine-feeding, and benthic brackish-feeding groups. Isotopic niche size and feeding preferences (FA) indicated generalist and specialist strategies that could be used as indicators for resource partitioning and niche shifts. Understanding the habitat use, diet, and trophic interactions among fish species is important in monitoring the Tarium Niryutait Marine Protected Area. Combining SI and FA tracers to quantify probability of niche overlap is a unique aspect of understanding species-specific niche interactions within the Beaufort Sea coastal environment, and our results contribute to understanding how these biotracers can contribute to current and future monitoring and management of this remote MPA.

KEY WORDS: Niche · Stable isotopes · Fatty acids · Marine protected areas · Fishes

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Cite this article as: Brewster JD, Giraldo C, Swanson H, Walkusz W and others (2016) Ecological niche of coastal Beaufort Sea fishes defined by stable isotopes and fatty acids. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 559:159-173.

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