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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 578:167-181 (2017)  -  DOI:

Multi-colony tracking reveals spatio-temporal variation in carry-over effects between breeding success and winter movements in a pelagic seabird

Maria I. Bogdanova1,*, Adam Butler2, Sarah Wanless1, Børge Moe3, Tycho Anker-Nilssen3, Morten Frederiksen4, Thierry Boulinier5, Lorraine S. Chivers6, Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard3, Sébastien Descamps7, Michael P. Harris1, Mark Newell1, Bergur Olsen8, Richard A. Phillips9, Deryk Shaw10, Harald Steen7, Hallvard Strøm7, Thorkell L. Thórarinsson11, Francis Daunt

1Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Bush Estate, Penicuik EH26 0QB, UK
2Biomathematics & Statistics Scotland, The King’s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3FD, UK
3Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, 7485 Trondheim, Norway
4Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
5Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175 CNRS-Université Montpellier, 34293 Montpellier, France
6Brundall, Norfolk NR13 5SD, UK
7Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, 9296 Tromsø, Norway
8Faroe Marine Research Institute, Noatun, 100 Torshavn, Faroe Islands
9British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
10Burkle, Fair Isle, Shetland ZE2 9JU, UK
11Northeast Iceland Nature Research Centre, 640 Húsavík, Iceland
*Corresponding author:
Advance View was available online May 11, 2017

ABSTRACT: Carry-over effects, whereby events in one season have consequences in subsequent seasons, have important demographic implications. Although most studies examine carry-over effects across 2 seasons in single populations, the effects may persist beyond the following season and vary across a species’ range. To assess potential carry-over effects across the annual cycle and among populations, we deployed geolocation loggers on black-legged kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla at 10 colonies in the north-east Atlantic and examined relationships between the timing and destination of migratory movements and breeding success in the year of deployment and subsequent season. Both successful and unsuccessful breeders wintered primarily in the north-west Atlantic. Breeding success affected the timing of migration, whereby unsuccessful breeders departed the colony earlier, arrived at the post-breeding and main wintering areas sooner, and departed later the following spring. However, these patterns were only apparent in colonies in the south-west of the study region. Furthermore, the effect of breeding success was stronger on migration timing in the first part of the winter than later. Timing of migratory movements was weakly linked to subsequent breeding success, and there was no detectable association between breeding success in the 2 seasons. Our results indicate temporal structure and spatial heterogeneity in the strength of seasonal interactions among kittiwakes breeding in the north-east Atlantic. Variable fitness consequences for individuals from different colonies could have important implications for population processes across the species’ range and suggest that the spatio-temporal dynamics of carry-over effects warrant further study.

KEY WORDS: Seasonal interactions · Migration · Reproduction · Life-history strategies · Geolocation · Black-legged kittiwake · Rissa tridactyla · North Atlantic

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Cite this article as: Bogdanova MI, Butler A, Wanless S, Moe B and others (2017) Multi-colony tracking reveals spatio-temporal variation in carry-over effects between breeding success and winter movements in a pelagic seabird. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 578:167-181.

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