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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 579:81-96 (2017)  -  DOI:

Community interactions and density dependence in the southeast United States coastal shark complex

Cassidy D. Peterson1,*, Kristene T. Parsons1, Dana M. Bethea2, William B. Driggers III3, Robert J. Latour

1Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary, PO Box 1346, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
2NOAA Fisheries, Southeast Regional Office, Protected Resources Division, 263 13th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
3National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, Mississippi Laboratories, PO Drawer 1207, Pascagoula, MS 39567, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Studies aiming to assess intra- and interspecies community relationships in marine habitats are typically limited to accessible, nearshore areas of restricted temporal and spatial scale, within which only segments of the populations of interest are available. Using multivariate first-order autoregressive state-space (MARSS-1) models, we estimated measures of interspecies interactions and density dependence of 7 Atlantic coastal shark species (4 large and 3 small coastal sharks) at 2 spatial scales. Localized analyses were based on data from 4 relatively spatially limited, fishery-independent surveys conducted along the southeast US Atlantic coast and within the Gulf of Mexico. We then compared these localized results to those generated using broad-scale indices of relative abundance estimated as common trends across the collection of 6 spatially restricted surveys. The MARSS-1 framework was also used to estimate relative community stability. Localized MARSS-1 analyses identified density-dependent compensation in all populations in addition to 9 interspecies interactions, while results of broad-scale MARSS-1 analyses revealed density dependence in 5 species and 9 interspecies interactions. More specifically, our results support the manifestation of density-dependent compensation of neonate and juvenile shark life stages within nursery areas. Overall, interactions within smaller spatial areas differed from those identified using the broad-scale relative abundance trends, indicating that small-scale interactions cannot be extrapolated to shark population growth rates of an entire stock.

KEY WORDS: Atlantic coastal sharks · Nursery areas · Multivariate first-order autoregressive state-space model · MARSS-1 · Early life history · Generalized linear models · GLMs

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Cite this article as: Peterson CD, Parsons KT, Bethea DM, Driggers III WB, Latour RJ (2017) Community interactions and density dependence in the southeast United States coastal shark complex. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 579:81-96.

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