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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 593:73-95 (2018)  -  DOI:

Spatial patterns of distribution and relative abundance of coastal shark species in the Galapagos Marine Reserve

David Acuña-Marrero1,2,*, Adam N. H. Smith1, Pelayo Salinas-de-León2,3, Euan S. Harvey4, Matthew D. M. Pawley1, Marti J. Anderson

1Institute of Natural and Mathematical Sciences (INMS), Massey University, 0745 Auckland, New Zealand
2Charles Darwin Research Station, Puerto Ayora, Islas Galápagos, Ecuador
3Pristine Seas, National Geographic Society, Washington, DC 20036, USA
4Curtin University, 6845 Perth, Australia
5New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study (NZIAS), Massey University, 0745 Auckland, New Zealand
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: A better understanding of the patterns of distribution and abundance of sharks and their potential biological and environmental drivers is essential to develop and evaluate spatial management plans for conservation and fisheries. Benthic and pelagic baited remote underwater stereo-video systems (stereo-BRUVs) were used to describe spatial and temporal patterns in coastal shark assemblages in the Galapagos Marine Reserve (GMR). From 629 stereo-BRUV deployments, 877 sharks from 10 species were recorded. Shark assemblages displayed high spatial variation, likely in response to the diversity of habitats occurring in the GMR. The relative importance of environmental and biological drivers differed among shark species according to their mobility. Some species were widespread across the Galapagos Archipelago (GA) but occurred primarily only as either juveniles (Carcharhinus galapagensis) or adults (C. limbatus and Triaenodon obesus), while others were more spatially restricted and associated with geographical features (Sphyrna lewini and Galeocerdo cuvier) or specific habitats (Triakidae spp. and Heterodontus quoyi). The highest diversity of sharks was found in the Centre South bioregion of the GA, in areas with heterogeneous habitat and high overall fish diversity (islets and Floreana Island), while the greatest total abundance of sharks was recorded at the northern oceanic islands of Darwin and Wolf. Overall, the GMR harbours a unique coastal shark community that varies in composition across the GA. It is dominated by large semipelagic species but is also characterised by the presence of less mobile benthic species that are not found near other oceanic islands in the Eastern Tropical Pacific region.

KEY WORDS: Shark conservation · Baited remote underwater video · BRUV · Marine protected areas · Environmental drivers · Shark-habitat selection · Elasmobranchs

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Cite this article as: Acuña-Marrero D, Smith ANH, Salinas-de-León P, Harvey ES, Pawley MDM, Anderson MJ (2018) Spatial patterns of distribution and relative abundance of coastal shark species in the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 593:73-95.

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