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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 636:221-234 (2020)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13222

Integrated mixed-effect growth models for species with incomplete ageing histories: a case study for the loggerhead sea turtle Caretta caretta

Brandon E. Chasco1,2,*, James T. Thorson2,3, Selina S. Heppell2, Larisa Avens4, Joanne Braun McNeill4, Alan B. Bolten5, Karen A. Bjorndal5, Eric J. Ward6

1Fish Ecology Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Newport, OR 97365, USA
2Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
3Habitat and Ecological Processes Research Program, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NMFS, NOAA, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
4Protected Resources Branch, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Beaufort, NC 28516, USA
5Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research and Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
6Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: For stochastic growth processes, integrated mixed-effects (IME) models of capture-recapture data and size-at-age data from calcified structures such as otoliths can reduce bias in model parameters. Researchers have not fully explored the performance of IME models for simultaneously estimating the unknown ages, growth model parameters, and derived variables. We simulated capture-recapture observations for tagging experiments and skeletochronology (i.e. humerus growth) observations for stranded loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta based on previously published parameter estimates for 3 growth processes (logistic, Gompertz, and von Bertalanffy). We then fit IME models to the integrated and non-integrated data. For the integrated data (both tagging and skeletochronology), we found decreased bias and uncertainty in estimated growth parameters and ages, and decreased misspecification of the growth process based on AIC. Applying the IME model to Western Atlantic loggerheads, the von Bertalanffy growth process provided the best fit to the skeletochronology data for the humeri from 389 stranded turtles and capture-recapture data from 480 tagged turtles. The estimated mean growth coefficient (μk) and mean asymptotic straight carapace length (μ×) were equal to 0.076 yr-1 and 92.1 cm, respectively. The estimated mean ages of the stranded turtles and recaptured tagged turtles were 13.5 and 14.6 yr, respectively. Assuming the size-at-sexual maturity (SSM) is 95% of the asymptotic size, the mean and 95% predictive interval for the age-at-sexual maturity (ASM) was 38 (29, 49) yr. Our results demonstrate that IME models provide reduced bias of the growth parameters, unknown ages, and derived variables such as ASM.


KEY WORDS: Somatic growth · Integrated mixed-effect models · Skeletochronology · Capture-recapture · Age-at-sexual maturity


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Cite this article as: Chasco BE, Thorson JT, Heppell SS, Avens L and others (2020) Integrated mixed-effect growth models for species with incomplete ageing histories: a case study for the loggerhead sea turtle Caretta caretta. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 636:221-234. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13222

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