Inter-Research > MEPS > v667 > p131-144  
MEPS
Marine Ecology Progress Series

via Mailchimp

MEPS 667:131-144 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13711

Comprehensive assessment of shallow surf zone fish biodiversity requires a combination of sampling methods

Yasmina Shah Esmaeili1,2,*, Guilherme Nascimento Corte2,3,4, Helio Herminio Checon2,3, Tauane Raíssa Cruz Gomes5, Jonathan S. Lefcheck6, A. Cecilia Zacagnini Amaral3, Alexander Turra2

1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-862, Brazil
2Instituto Oceanográfico, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-120, Brazil
3Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13083-862, Brazil
4Escola do Mar, Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Santa Catarina 88302-202, Brazil
5Curso de Graduação em Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Campus Pontal, Ituiutaba, Minas Gerais 38304-402, Brazil
6Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network, MarineGEO, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland 21037, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Surf zones of sandy beaches are crucial environments for numerous fishes but one of the most challenging habitats when it comes to sampling, due to high-energy currents and waves. In this study, we compared the efficiency of 2 methods currently used to sample the biodiversity of shallow surf zone fish communities: the traditional method of beach seine nets and the more recently introduced surf zone Baited Remote Underwater Video Stations (surf-BRUVS). We applied both sampling strategies at 67 sites along 27 sandy beaches with different environmental characteristics in southeastern Brazil. We compared overall abundance, species richness, and beta (turnover) and functional trait diversity recorded from both methods. Our results showed that seine nets captured a higher species richness, greater abundance, greater functional richness and more functionally singular species than surf-BRUVS, particularly in areas with low wave energy. Beta diversity analyses, however, showed a clear difference in assemblage composition detected by each method regardless of environmental conditions, mainly driven by species turnover and variations in abundance. Only seine nets captured small species (<10 cm total length), while surf-BRUVS were more effective in recording larger species. Our results suggest that shallow surf zone assemblages sampled with surf-BRUVS and beach seine nets are almost totally taxonomically and highly functionally divergent, and the application of both methods provides complementary results. Additionally, the non-extractive nature of surf-BRUVS presents an opportunity for sampling vulnerable areas or species. However, when using a single method, researchers should take into consideration each method’s biases and be aware that biodiversity may be underestimated for certain groups.


KEY WORDS: Baited remote underwater video stations · Ichthyofauna · Integrated coastal management · Sandy beaches · Seine nets · Surf-BRUVS


Full text in pdf format
Supplementary material 
Cite this article as: Shah Esmaeili Y, Corte GN, Checon HH, Gomes TRC, Lefcheck JS, Amaral ACZ, Turra A (2021) Comprehensive assessment of shallow surf zone fish biodiversity requires a combination of sampling methods. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 667:131-144. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13711

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
Facebook - - linkedIn