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MEPS 691:55-68 (2022)  -  DOI:

Relationship between pumping rate and particle capture efficiency in three species of bivalves

Laura Steeves1,*,#, Cecile Vimond1,#, Tore Strohmeier2, Sandra Casas3, Øivind Strand2, Luc A. Comeau4, Ramón Filgueira2,5

1Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
2Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Bergen 5871, Norway
3School of Animal Sciences, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
4Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Gulf Fisheries Centre, Moncton, NB E1C 9B6, Canada
5Marine Affairs Program, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
*Corresponding author:
#These authors contributed equally to this work

ABSTRACT: For suspension-feeding bivalves, capture efficiency (CE) is the proportion of a given type of particle that is cleared from the water by the gill filaments of suspension-feeding bivalves compared to other particles that are inhaled. The majority of research on CE variability in suspension-feeding bivalves has focused on particle characteristics (e.g. size, surface properties). This study was designed to explore CE as a function of particle size (of natural seston) and pumping rate (PR), as a proxy for fluid velocity. Bivalve species from different families were chosen for their differences in gill structure: Mytilidae (Mytilus edulis), Ostreidae (Crassostrea virginica), and Pectinidae (Placopecten magellanicus). Structural variation in the gills was hypothesized to influence any relationship between PR and CE. Experiments estimating PR and CE were replicated in both laboratory and field conditions. Results demonstrated that PR may influence CE in bivalves and that this relationship is dependent upon particle size and bivalve species (i.e. gill structure). For C. virginica, CE increased with PR (range: 0.4-6.9 l h-1) for particles between 2.25 and 7.25 in laboratory experiments and 4.75 and 8.25 µm in the field. However, for M. edulis and P. magellanicus, no relationship was observed between PR and CE. Among the mechanisms by which particles can be removed from a fluid by a filter, these findings agree qualitatively with the capture mechanism of direct interception applying to all species where CE depends on particle size, and inertial impaction additionally applying to C. virginica where CE depends on fluid velocity and particle size in the 2.25 to 8.25 µm range.

KEY WORDS: Capture efficiency · Pumping rate · Bivalve · Suspension-feeding · Gill morphology · Particle size · Mytilus edulis · Crassostrea virginica · Placopecten magellanicus

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Cite this article as: Steeves L, Vimond C, Strohmeier T, Casas S, Strand Ø, Comeau LA, Filgueira R (2022) Relationship between pumping rate and particle capture efficiency in three species of bivalves. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 691:55-68.

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