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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 697:97-108 (2022)  -  DOI:

Monitoring the reproductive status of resident and migrant Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Strait of Gibraltar

Antonio Medina1,*, Ana Magro1, David Macías2, José Luis Varela1

1Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Universidad de Cádiz, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
2Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Puerto pesquero s/n, 29640 Fuengirola, Málaga, Spain
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Two distinct contingents of Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT), migrants and residents, occur in the Strait of Gibraltar (SoG). Long-term residents are commercially exploited all year round using hook and line gears, whereas migrants are caught by traps in springtime as they pass through the SoG towards Mediterranean spawning grounds. While reproductive features of migrants have been widely studied, the life history of residents remains poorly investigated. The relative contribution of this subpopulation to ABFT eastern stock productivity is therefore unknown. Reproductive traits of resident ABFT were monitored throughout the year, and were compared with those of migrants crossing the SoG in spring. To assess maturation timing, gonads were classified into maturation stages based on histological features. Our results indicate biometric and reproductive differences between SoG residents and migrants. ABFT caught by hook and line gears were smaller on average than those collected from traps. The females sampled from the hook and line fishery in May and early June showed, on average, significantly lower GSI values than those caught by trap. In contrast, the GSI values of males sampled in May were not significantly different between gears. Histological analyses showed a more advanced reproductive condition in trap-caught migrants. Delayed maturation schedules of residents in comparison to migrants would result in less egg production and poorer larval survival rates. The present findings encourage further investigation of reproductive schedules in unstudied subpopulations for a better understanding of ABFT dynamics.

KEY WORDS: Thunnus thynnus · Strait of Gibraltar · Migrants · Residents · Reproduction · Gonad histology

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Cite this article as: Medina A, Magro A, Macías D, Varela JL (2022) Monitoring the reproductive status of resident and migrant Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Strait of Gibraltar. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 697:97-108.

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