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Maintaining and storing encapsulated cells for propagation of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile

Marina Carrasco-Acosta, Pilar Garcia-Jimenez*

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: In the present study we have developed an efficient system for regenerating Posidonia oceanica via storage of free cells at low temperature and initiation of cell encapsulation. This system could help solving problems related to the intractable nature of in vitro marine phanerogam regeneration. Free cells from enzyme digestion were preserved with glycerol and dimethyl sulfoxide at different concentrations and stored at low temperature. Cell encapsulation was performed with sodium alginate and calcium chloride. Results first showed that optimum cell culture was obtained when the initial cell concentration was 104 cells ml-1. Cell scaling allowed exponential growth to produce 2268000 cells at 13th day. Secondly, treatment based on cell storage with 60% glycerol plus 1.3 M DMSO was a success. The preserved cells grew and produced 1.96 more cells than the initial cell concentration (104 cells ml-1). Thirdly, the encapsulated cells (beads) showed a survival range of 84-100% over 4 years. The divided beads released cells that developed embryos or free cells depending on the culture medium. Cell encapsulation was the only method that was successful to acclimatise the cells to salinity, store artificial material for sowing and to obtain embryos. We concluded that encapsulated cells could be used as a starting material for the production of embryos in the regeneration of P. oceanica