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Identifying climate change hotspots relevant for ecosystems in Romania

Sorin Cheval, Alexandru Dumitrescu, Mihai Adamescu, Constantin Cazacu*

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Studies regarding species distribution, resilience and adaptability of different ecosystems as well as the response of human society are linked with our ability to identify past and predict future changes. Climate change together with other changes like land use and land cover, and invasive alien species, are important to set up the background for further modelling approaches (e.g. species modelling, ecosystem resilience, etc). The current work uses high-quality and homogenous air temperature and precipitation data sets for Romania in order to detect climate change hotspots. The changes were quantified considering two periods: 1961–1986 as reference and 1987–2013 as current conditions. Bioclimatic variables were used to identify the climate change hotspots relevant for different decision makers. The identification of the areas affected by significant changes may support the development of mitigation plans for enhancing the resilience and adaptive capacity of socio-economical systems to future impacts.