Inter-Research > CR > Prepress Abstract

CR prepress abstract   -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01662

The influence of summer great cyclones on sea ice concentration and area in the Arctic Ocean

Haili Li, Qinghui Zhu, Chang-Qing Ke*, Difeng Wang, Xiaoyi Shen

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Summer Arctic cyclones occur frequently in the Arctic Ocean and play an important role in sea ice variability. We use a reanalysis dataset and sea ice concentration data to identify and track summer great Arctic cyclones and to quantitatively analyse the contribution of cyclones to variations in sea ice concentration and area. We further explore the process of how cyclones influence on sea ice via sea surface temperature, radiation, sea ice motion, and ice deformation. The results indicate that cyclones accelerate decreases in sea ice concentration and area. The higher the values of the sea ice concentration index (SICI: the ratio of maximum variation in sea ice concentration change rate to the minimum value of sea ice concentration change rate caused by the cyclone) and sea ice area responsivity (SIAr: the ratio of sea ice area change caused by cyclones to total sea ice area change) are, the greater the contribution of cyclones to sea ice reduction. Over time, sea ice concentration decreases, and the impacts of cyclones on sea ice concentration are enhanced. During summer great cyclones, a strong low-pressure system and wind stress lead to increases in sea ice motion, ice divergence, and changes in sea surface temperature and net radiation, promoting decreases in sea ice concentration and area. This study aids in the prediction of short-term sea ice change and is beneficial to the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice models.