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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

    DAO prepress abstract   -  DOI:

    Complement proteins detected through iTRAQ-based proteomics analysis of serum from black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus in response to experimentally induced Aeromonas hydrophila infection

    Wen Liu*

    *Corresponding author:

    ABSTRACT: The black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus is one of the culturally important ‘4 famous domestic fishes’ in China. Recently, infectious diseases caused by Aeromonas hydrophila have drastically altered the operation of the black carp farming industry. In the present study, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) were combined with mass spectrometry analysis to screen for differentially abundant black carp serum proteins in response to experimentally induced A. hydrophila infection. A total of 86 differentially abundant proteins were quantified at 24 h post-infection, including 78 down-regulated proteins and 8 up-regulated proteins. The down-regulated proteins included complement C1q subcomponent subunit C, complement factor B/C2A, complement factor B/C2B, complement C3-Q1, complement C3, and complement C4-2. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that the differentially abundant proteins were mainly associated with complement and coagulation cascades (27.9%). Moreover, real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed changes in the gene expression of both C3 and B/C2A in blood cells, liver, kidney, gills, and intestines of the black carp infected with A. hydrophila. However, mRNA expression levels did not consistently correlate with the corresponding protein levels. A polyclonal antibody was prepared using a synthetic C3 peptide. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that the expression of C3 in the kidney was increased with A. hydrophila infection. This work provides a useful characterization of the impact of A. hydrophila infection on the complement system of the black carp.