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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

    DAO prepress abstract   -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03511

    Helicobacter delphinicola sp. nov., isolated from common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus with gastric diseases

    Takao Segawa, Yoshito Ohno, Sayaka Tsuchida, Kazunari Ushida, Motoi Yoshioka*

    *Corresponding author:

    ABSTRACT: Gastritis and gastric ulcers are well-recognized symptoms in cetaceans and the genus Helicobacter is considered as the main cause. In this study, we examined the gastric fluid of captive common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) with gastric diseases in order to isolate the organisms responsible for diagnosis and treatment. Four Gram-negative, tightly coiled spirals with two-four turns, rod-shaped isolates (TSBT, TSH1, TSZ, and TSH3), with two to six bipolar, sheathed flagella, were obtained from gastric fluids of common bottlenose dolphins with gastric diseases. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA, atpA, and 60-kDa heat-shock protein (hsp60) genes, demonstrated that these isolates form a novel lineage within the genus Helicobacter. Analyses of 16S rRNA, atpA, and hsp60 gene sequences showed that isolate TSBT was most closely related to H. cetorum MIT99-5656T (98.5% similarity), H. pylori ATCC 43504T (76.7% similarity), and H. pylori ATCC 43504T (78.0% similarity), respectively. Type strains of Helicobacter showing resistance to 2% NaCl have not been reported previously; however, these novel isolates were resistant to 2% NaCl. Culture supernatant of some isolates induced intracellular vacuolization in mammalian cultured cells. These data, together with the different morphological and biochemical characteristics of the isolates, reveal that these isolates represent a novel species for which we propose the name Helicobacter delphinicola sp. nov. with type strain TSBT (= JCM 32789T = TSD-183T). Future studies will confirm whether H. delphinicola plays a role in lesion etiopathogenesis in cetaceans.