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MEPS prepress abstract   -  DOI:

Changes in ocean conditions and hurricanes affect porbeagle (Lamna nasus) diving behavior

Zeliang Wang*, Rachel Horwitz, Heather D. Bowlby*, Fuhong Ding, Warren N. Joyce

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Recovered archival satellite tags afford a rare opportunity to evaluate diving behavior relative to ocean conditions at fine spatiotemporal scales. Ocean temperature and mixed layer depth (MLD) were strongly related to daily and seasonal patterns in diving behavior of an adult female porbeagle shark, Lamna nasus. The shark remained below MLD when waters were strongly stratified in summer or in the Gulf Stream; daily timing of dives were associated with local sunrise and sunset. In the presence of a hurricane, diving activity abruptly increased, coincident with upwelling causing an abrupt decrease in surface temperature. Our first report of the behavioral response to a hurricane as well as the seasonal patterns in depths, occupied temperatures, and vertical speeds suggest environmental preferences of porbeagle are not static and individuals may use horizontal as well as vertical movement to take advantage of areas with specific characteristics.