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MEPS prepress abstract   -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13601

Influence of fisheries on the spatio-temporal feeding ecology of gulls along the western Iberian coast

J. G. Calado*, S. N. VerĂ­ssimo, V. H. Paiva, R. Ramos, P. T. Vaz, D. Matos, J. Pereira, C. Lopes, N. Oliveira, A. Quaresma, F. R. Ceia , A. Velando, J. A. Ramos

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Gulls are highly opportunistic seabirds, and the exploitation of fishery discards led to many population increases worldwide. We investigated the importance of fish in the diet of yellow-legged and Audouin’s gulls and assessed the influence of fishery discards in their feeding ecology. We collected pellets in four islands along the western Iberian coast during pre-breeding, breeding, and post-breeding seasons and from 2014 to 2018. Stable isotopes (adult blood and chick and adult feathers) were used to investigate spatial, seasonal, and inter-annual differences in their feeding ecology. We used pellet, stable isotope (δ15N, δ13C, and δ34S), and biochemical (triglycerides, uric acid, total protein, and carotenoids in adult plasma) analyses to investigate their relationships with fish landings across the annual cycle. Results revealed that the fish species consumed by gulls matched those landed by local fisheries in all study islands, and there was a positive association of pelagic and demersal fish diets with fish landing quantities in two islands. δ34S values suggest different self-feeding and chick provisioning strategies in relation to fisheries. δ15N values exhibited strong negative correlations with fish landings, and triglycerides were positively correlated with pelagic but not with demersal fish landing quantities, suggesting that gulls fed more on lower trophic level and higher energetic content pelagic fish than on demersal fish. Overall, our results based on several techniques suggest that gull feeding ecology was linked to fishery discards, which in view of the new landing obligation may have major implications for both gull populations across Europe.