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MEPS prepress abstract   -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps14210

Microbial-driven impact on aquatic phosphate fluxes in a coastal peatland

Simeon Choo*, Olaf Dellwig, Janine W├Ąge-Recchioni, Heide N Schulz-Vogt*

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Polyphosphate-accumulating microbial mats can influence the PO43- concentration in the benthic zone. To investigate the role of a microbial mat in benthic P cycling, short peat cores including supernatant water from a coastal fen in NE Germany (southern Baltic Sea) were incubated in winter, summer and fall under three conditions: in-situ, elevated temperature and oxygen-depletion. Bottom water PO43- concentrations decreased in treatments with a microbial mat (summer and winter), but not in the mat-deficient fall treatment. The mats were densely populated with polyphosphate-rich Lyngbya filaments. On the last day of incubation, PO43- concentrations in the oxygen-depleted bottom water were lower in the winter (70×) and summer (44×) than in the fall treatment, demonstrating the pronounced control of microbial mats on PO43- fluxes even under oxygen-depleted conditions. The mean polyphosphate-P content in the upper 1-cm peat layer of eight freshly-collected winter cores was 2.23 µmol g-1 (5% of total P), comprising a noticeable percentage of the P reservoir. Low sediment Fe:P molar ratios among the cores (5.9 – 6.3) indicated that P-adsorption sites in Fe-P compounds were fairly saturated and had limited efficiency in precipitating additional bottom water PO43-. Using known temperature-dependent coefficients for biological systems, we estimate that bottom water PO43- concentrations in temperature-elevated cores were reduced by 96% in the presence of a microbial mat. We therefore propose that a microbial mat can take up a large amount of dissolved inorganic P, highlighting its regulatory role in coastal peatland P fluxes under varying environmental conditions.