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ESR prepress abstract   -  DOI:

Biology and conservation of marine turtles in the North-Western Indian Ocean: a review

H. M. Al Ameri*, S. Al Harthi. , A. Al Kiyumi, T. S. Al Sariri, A. S. Y. Al-Zaidan, M. Antonopoulou, A. C. Broderick, M. Chatting, H. S. Das, M. A. Hesni, A. Mancini, J. D. Miller, A. Mobaraki, M. Rezaie-Atagholipour, N. J. Pilcher, A. F. Rees, C. J. Rodriguez-Zarate, D. M. Smyth, L. K. Tanabe, F. Yaghmour, A. A. Yusuf, B. J. Godley

*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The North-Western Indian Ocean hosts globally crucial marine biodiversity, which is relatively understudied. There has, however, been significant research and conservation effort focused on marine turtles across the region in recent decades. We undertook an exhaustive review of 251 relevant publications to extract and collate the current information concerning marine turtles. To ensure completeness, we received input on a preliminary draft from a large group of experts who have worked extensively in the region. Data presented here are from all 13 countries with significant coastlines in the region (Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen) on occurrence, nesting biology, morphology, foraging areas, population status, threats, and relevant national legislation and international conservation strategies. The experts independently provided details on what they felt were the (a) most significant threats to marine turtles, (b) most critical knowledge gaps for marine turtle ecology, (c) impediments to practical conservation and, (d) essential strengths and opportunities in the region.