AEI prepress abstract  -  DOI:

Methane fluxes from typical marine polyculture ponds of swimming crab with kuruma shrimp and short-necked clam in eastern China

Dongxu Zhang, Xiangli Tian*, Shuanglin Dong, Yan Chen, Jie Feng, Rui-Peng He, Kai Zhang


ABSTRACT: Methane (CH4) fluxes at the air–water interface from 2 typical seawater polyculture systems were determined during the farming season. The mean CH4 fluxes were 66.0 ± 44.1 μg m-2 h-1 in the bispecies polyculture system of swimming crab Portunus trituberculatus with kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus (PM) and 68.7 ± 39.5 μg m-2 h-1 in the trispecies polyculture system of swimming crab with shrimp and short-necked clam Ruditapes philippinarum (PMR), and no significant differences were observed between them. CH4 emissions showed temporal variability during the farming season, peaking in mid-August. The linear mixed-effect model demonstrated that air temperature was the main regulator of CH4 fluxes rather than the internal physical and chemical properties of the systems. Air, water and sediment temperatures explained 58.9%, 61.4% and 55.3% of the CH4 flux variations in the PM and 64.6%, 57.1% and 60.8% of the variations in the PMR, respectively. Reducing organic matter accumulation in the sediment by means of improving feeding efficiency and the application of integrated aquaculture are likely to be effective in reducing CH4 emissions from aquaculture systems.