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AEI
Aquaculture Environment Interactions

    AEI prepress abstract   -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/aei00335

    Inhibitory effects of four typical bloom-forming algae species on metamorphosis of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai

    Xiaodong Li, Tengfei Zhang,#, Xiao Liu*, Tian Yan*, Rencheng Yu, Mingjiang Zhou

    *Corresponding author:

    ABSTRACT: In recent years, harmful algal blooms (HAB) have occurred frequently along the coast of China, and they have caused massive shellfish mortality. However, little is known about the impacts of HAB on the metamorphosis of shellfish. In this study, the effects of 4 typical harmful algae species present in Chinese waters (Karenia mikimotoi, Alexandrium catenella, Aureococcus anophagefferens, and Prorocentrum donghaiense) on survival and metamorphosis of abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) larvae were investigated. After 96 h of treatment, un-metamorphosed larvae (veligers) were significantly affected by K. mikimotoi, A. catenella, and P. donghaiense, as survival rates were 5.2 ± 2.1%, 27.7 ± 1.4%, and 63.8 ± 6.9%, respectively, compared with 86.0 ± 4.1% for the control treatment. Survival rates of metamorphosed larva were significantly affected by K. mikimotoi, A. catenella, and A. anophagefferens (4.5 ± 2.8%, 22.3 ± 5.8%, and 26.5 ± 3.6%, respectively, compared with 46.2 ± 1.3% for control treatment), and metamorphosis was significantly inhibited by K. mikimotoi and A. catenella (5.0 ± 2.2% and 24.5 ± 3.1%, respectively, compared with 49.3 ± 1.5% for control). A. anophagefferens was more toxic to metamorphosed larvae than to un-metamorphosed larvae. These results suggest that all 4 types of harmful algae have detrimental effects on the metamorphosis of H. discus hannai and that K. mikimotoi and A. catenella are more toxic to abalone larvae than A. anophagefferens and P. donghaiense