CR 29:85-90 (2005)  -  doi:10.3354/cr029085

Typhoons in the Philippine Islands, 1901–1934

Pedro Ribera1,*, Ricardo García-Herrera2, Luis Gimeno3, Emiliano Hernández2

1Dpto. de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Carretera de Utrera, Km 1, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
2Dpto. Física de la Tierra II, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3Dpto. Física Aplicada, Universidad de Vigo, Facultad de Ciencias de Ourense, As Lagoas s/n, 32004 Ourense, Spain

ABSTRACT: A chronology of typhoons and storms in the Western North Pacific is presented, based on the previous work of Miguel Selga, a former director of the Manila Observatory. It includes data about 863 typhoons, storms and depressions over the western Pacific area between 1901 and 1934. The chronology provides information covering a wide area, from Guam to the Gulf of Tonkin and from the equator to Japan. The resulting typhoon series has been included in a database, which is freely accessible, and annual typhoon occurrence and trajectories are also shown. A comparison of the typhoon passage frequency over the Philippine area with a previously available chronology was made to assure the validity of Selga’s observations, showing good agreement.

KEY WORDS:Climate variability · Typhoons · Western Pacific Ocean

Full text in pdf format