CR 73:45-56 (2017)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01448

Identifying and understanding attitudinal diversity on multi-functional changes in woodlands of the Ukrainian Carpathians

Albert Nijnik1, Maria Nijnik2,*, Serhiy Kopiy3, Lyudmyla Zahvoyska3, Simo Sarkki4, Leonid Kopiy3, David Miller2

1Environmental Network Limited, The Hillocks, Tarland, Aboyne AB34 4TJ, Scotland, UK
2The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK
3Ukrainian National Forestry University, Gen. Chuprynky 103, Lviv 79057, Ukraine
4Thule Institute, PO Box 7300, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
*Corresponding author: ■Advance View was available online May 18, 2017

ABSTRACT: This paper advances existing knowledge of stakeholder attitudes towards ecosystem-based forest strategies and management practices in marginalized mountain areas of the Ukrainian Carpathians. The principal research question was to analyse the state of affairs regarding multi-functional changes in upland woodlands, as viewed by relevant stakeholders. An ultimate goal was to assist decision-makers in evaluation (e.g. through stakeholder evaluation using the suggested method) and implementation (through stakeholder engagement) of sustainable policy and management decisions. The Q-method, with the sequential application of its correlation and factor analytical tools, was applied to elucidate a range of existing attitudes (e.g. towards the expansion of woodlands under climate change and other drivers) and the spectrum of sustainability (its ecological, economic and social components) to which they relate. Dominant attitudes of representatives of relevant stakeholder groups towards multi-functional changes in forestry in the Carpathian Mountains were revealed and analysed. Key factors influencing the attitudinal diversity were explained. The results improve our understanding of stakeholder priorities and of commonalities and differences in existing attitudes/perceptions, providing some indication of how the diversity of attitudes towards forestry changes (e.g. integration of woodlands in mountain landscapes) could potentially influence sustainable forestry decisions. At times, entirely opposite attitudes (e.g. of the so-called Conservationists and Productivists attitudinal groups) towards forestry practices and key objectives of forestry in the Carpathian uplands were revealed. However, people put strong emphasis on multi-functional forestry offering a range of benefits to people, the environment and the economy.


KEY WORDS: Public attitudes and preferences · Ecosystem-based adaptation practices · Carpathian Mountains · Q-method


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Cite this article as: Nijnik A, Nijnik M, Kopiy S, Zahvoyska L, Sarkki S, Kopiy L, Miller D (2017) Identifying and understanding attitudinal diversity on multi-functional changes in woodlands of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Clim Res 73:45-56. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01448

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