DAO 106:49-56 (2013)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02632

Ovarian alterations in wild northern pike Esox lucius females

Daniel Żarski1,*, Jacek Rechulicz2, Sławomir Krejszeff1, Tomasz K. Czarkowski3, Katarzyna Stańczak1, 4, Katarzyna Palińska1, Magdalena Gryzińska5, Katarzyna Targońska1, Krzysztof Kozłowski3, Andrzej Mamcarz1, Piotr Hliwa6

1Department of Lake and River Fisheries, 4Department of Fish Culture and 6Department of Ichthyology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Oczapowskiego 5, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
2Department of Hydrobiology, Fishery Laboratory, and 5Department of Biological Basis of Animal Production, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, ul. Dobrzańskiego 37, 20-262 Lubin, Poland
3Warmia and Mazury Agriculture Consulting Centre (W-MODR) in Olsztyn, ul. Jagiellońska 37, 20-262 Olsztyn, Poland

ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to analyse the occurrence of macroscopically visible ovary alterations in 2 populations of northern pike Esox lucius L. originating from lakes in the Mazurian Lake District (NE Poland). The alterations were characterised by ovary tissue that was morphologically malformed, in part or in whole, and contained immature oocytes, i.e. trophoplastic or previtellogenic oocytes instead of vitellogenic oocytes. These alterations were found only in the ovaries, and no morphological alterations of the testes were noted. Macroscopic and histological analyses were carried out in order to classify the observed alterations in the ovaries. Three types of alterations were identified in which morphological malformations as well as histological investigation of the ovaries were considered. An analysis of the size and age of the fish in relation to the occurrence of alterations as well as of the macroscopic and histological nature of the alteration types was made. The data obtained revealed no lake or age dependency of the observed alterations. Based on the results obtained, we suggest that the presence of endocrine disruptors in the environment or/and genetic factors could be responsible for these kinds of gonad anomalies. However, our results did not allow us to determine the aetiology of the alterations.

KEY WORDS: Northern pike · Ovary alterations · Endocrine disruptors · Reproduction · Recruitment success

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Cite this article as: Żarski D, Rechulicz J, Krejszeff S, Czarkowski TK and others (2013) Ovarian alterations in wild northern pike Esox lucius females. Dis Aquat Org 106:49-56. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02632

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