DAO 116:237-241 (2015)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02926

NOTE
First report of Brucella ceti-associated meningoencephalitis in a long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas

Nicholas J. Davison1,*,**, Andrew Brownlow1,**, Barry McGovern1,4,**, Mark P. Dagleish2,**, Lorraine L. Perrett3,**, Emma-Jane Dale3,**, Mark Koylass3,5, Geoffrey Foster1,**

1Scottish Marine Animal Stranding Scheme, SAC Consulting, Veterinary Services, Drummondhill, Inverness, Scotland, IV2 4JZ, UK
2Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, Edinburgh, Scotland EH26 0PZ, UK
3Department of Bacteriology and TB, Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA), New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
4Present address: Namibian Dolphin Project, Meersig Lagoon, Walvis Bay, Namibia
5Present address: Laboratory Services, Genomics, LGC, Unit 1-2 Trident Industrial Estate, Pindar Road, Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire EN11 0WZ, UK
*Corresponding author:
**These authors contributed equally to this article

ABSTRACT: Fatal Brucella ceti infection with histological lesions specific to the central nervous system has been described in only 3 species of cetaceans: striped dolphins Stenella coeruleoalba, Atlantic white-sided dolphins Lagenorhynchus acutus and short-beaked common dolphins Delphinus delphis. This paper describes the first report of a B. ceti-associated meningoencephalitis in a long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas, showing the increasing range of species susceptibility. Brucella was recovered in larger numbers from cerebrospinal fluid than from brain tissue and is the sample of choice for isolation.


KEY WORDS: Globicephala melas · Isolation · Brucella ceti · Meningoencephalitis · UK


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Cite this article as: Davison NJ, Brownlow A, McGovern B, Dagleish MP and others (2015) First report of Brucella ceti-associated meningoencephalitis in a long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas. Dis Aquat Org 116:237-241. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02926

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