DAO 73:13-22 (2006)  -  doi:10.3354/dao073013

Rapid and sensitive detection of Taura syndrome virus using nucleic acid-based amplification

Ping-Hua Teng1,2, Chu-Liang Chen2, Cheng-Nan Wu3, Sih-Ying Wu1, Bo-Rong Ou2, Pei-Yu Lee3,*

1Farming IntelliGene Technology Corporation, 1–2, Gung-Ye Seventh Road, Tai-Chung Industrial Park, Tai-Chung, 407, Taiwan
2Department of Animal Sciences and Biotechnology, Tung-Hai University, Taichung, 407, Taiwan
3Graduate Institute of Medical Biotechnology, Central Taiwan University of Sciences and Technology, Tai-Chung, 406, Taiwan
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: Requiring only simple heating devices, isothermal nucleic acid-based amplification (NASBA) is a potential detection platform to be developed for on-site diagnosis of aquaculture pathogens. In this report, an NASBA assay has been developed for the Taura syndrome virus (TSV), one of the most devastating RNA virus pathogens for several penaeid shrimp species. The NASBA amplicons were detected by agarose gel electrophoresis and confirmed by Northern-blotting and dot-blotting analysis, using a biotinylated TSV-specific primer. The sensitivity of the TSV NASBA coupled with dot-blotting detection was approximately 5-fold less sensitive than that of the commercially available RT-nested, PCR-based IQ2000 TSV Detection and Prevention System that was also confirmed to be more sensitive than the RT-PCR-based TSV detection protocol recommended by the OIE (Office International des Epizooties). The specificity of the TSV NASBA reaction was substantiated by the results that RNA of non-target viruses did not generate any signals. Furthermore, a simple colorimetric microtiter plate assay employing TSV-specific capture and detection primers was developed as a simple alternative approach for the detection of NASBA amplicons. Taken together, the combination of the isothermal NASBA and colorimetric solid phase-based assays should allow sensitive, straightforward, and speedy on-site detection of TSV.

KEY WORDS: Nucleic acid-based amplification · NASBA · Diagnostics · IQ 2000 · Taura syndrome virus

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