DAO 93:93-104 (2011)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02298

Viral load of various tissues of rainbow trout challenged with viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus at various stages of disease

B. Oidtmann*, C. Joiner, D. Stone, M. Dodge, R. A. Reese, P. Dixon

Cefas Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth, Dorset DT4 8UB, UK

ABSTRACT: Market-sized rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss were challenged by waterborne exposure to viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV isolate of genogroup Ia). Fish were sampled at 4 stages of infection (before onset of clinical signs, clinically affected fish, mortalities and survivors) and the viral load determined in (1) internal organs, (2) muscle tissue and (3) brain and gill tissue. Virus levels were determined by virus titration and real-time RT-PCR. VHSV was detected by either method in the majority of fish before onset of clinical signs and in the survivor group as well as in all fish in the clinically affected fish and mortality groups. Mean virus amounts per mg of tissue determined by virus titration (TCID50) or real-time RT-PCR (copy number) were >104 in preclinical fish, >103.8 in clinically affected fish, >103.9 in mortalities and >101.2 in survivors. Virus levels tended to be highest in the internal organs of subclinical and clinically affected fish and in brain and gill tissue of survivors. The results demonstrate that significant levels of VHSV can be found in tissues of rainbow trout that may be marketed for human consumption, which may have relevance for the biosecurity of VHS-free areas.


KEY WORDS: Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus · VHSV · Rainbow trout · Oncorhynchus mykiss · Viral load


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Cite this article as: Oidtmann B, Joiner C, Stone D, Dodge M, Reese RA, Dixon P (2011) Viral load of various tissues of rainbow trout challenged with viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus at various stages of disease. Dis Aquat Org 93:93-104. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02298

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