ESR 30:125-131 (2016)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00729

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Mitogenome analysis reveals a complex phylogeographic relationship within the wild tiger population of Thailand

Waradee Buddhakosai1, Worata Klinsawat2, Olutolani Smith3,4, Manakorn Sukmak5, Nongnid Kaolim6, Somphot Duangchantrasiri7, Achara Simcharoen7, Boripat Siriaroonrat8, Worawidh Wajjwalku1,6,*

1Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Genetic Engineering, Graduate School, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
2Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
3Division of Biology, Silwood Park, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berks SL5 7PY, UK
4Panthera, 8 West 40th St, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10018, USA
5Department of Farm Resources and Production Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Thailand
6Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Kamphaengsaen, Nakhon Pathom 73140, Thailand
7Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
8Zoological Park Organization, Dusit, Bangkok 10300,Thailand
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: We present the first study of the complete mitogenome of wild tigers Panthera tigris in Thailand. Thailand has been recognised as one of the most important countries within the geographic range of P. tigris and is home to 2 subspecies: Indochinese P. t. corbetti in the north and Malayan P. t. jacksoni in the south. We obtained samples from wild tigers in a large forest complex in northern Thailand (Western Forest Complex, WEFCOM) and from locally confiscated individuals in southern Thailand close to the border with Malaysia. Our results support the occurrence of both Indochinese and Malayan tigers in Thailand and reveal complex phylogeographic patterns of the wild tiger population in Southeast Asia.


KEY WORDS: mtDNA · Panthera tigris corbetti · Panthera tigris jacksoni · Western Forest Complex · WEFCOM · Large cats · Phylogenetics


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Cite this article as: Buddhakosai W, Klinsawat W, Smith O, Sukmak M and others (2016) Mitogenome analysis reveals a complex phylogeographic relationship within the wild tiger population of Thailand. Endang Species Res 30:125-131. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00729

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