ESR 9:143-149 (2009)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00209

Trade in night monkeys Aotus spp. in the Brazil–Colombia–Peru tri-border area: international wildlife trade regulations are ineffectively enforced

Angela M. Maldonado*, Vincent Nijman, Simon K. Bearder

Department of Anthropology and Geography, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK

ABSTRACT: This study describes significant levels of trade in 2 or possibly 3 species of night monkeys (Aotus nancymaae, A. vociferans and A. nigriceps) from the Brazil–Colombia–Peru tri-border area. All 3 countries are Party to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and there is no documented trade in night monkeys among these 3 countries in the CITES trade database. However, interviews with 43 traders/collectors in 11 communities in the 3 countries suggest that for the period 2007–2008, ca. 4000 night monkeys were traded, representing a monetary value of over USD 100000 for the traders and intermediaries. The interviewees indicated that the animals were sold to a biomedical laboratory in the tri-border area on the Colombian side of the border. The international nature of the trade and the large volume of night monkeys being traded indicate a violation of, and a failure to adhere to, international trade regulations. In order to conserve these important species, we suggest cooperative action from environmental and conservation authorities and the respective CITES Management Authorities in Colombia, Peru and Brazil to curb the trade, and urge the Colombian authorities to investigate the illegal importation of night monkeys by a biomedical laboratory in the border area.


KEY WORDS: CITES · Primate conservation · Amazonia · Biomedical research


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Cite this article as: Maldonado AM, Nijman V, Bearder SK (2009) Trade in night monkeys Aotus spp. in the Brazil–Colombia–Peru tri-border area: international wildlife trade regulations are ineffectively enforced. Endang Species Res 9:143-149. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00209

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