MEPS 158:165-175 (1997)  -  doi:10.3354/meps158165

PSP detoxification kinetics in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. One- and two-compartment models and the effect of some environmental variables

J. Blanco1,*, A. Moroño1, J. Franco2,**, M. I. Reyero3

1Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería de Pesca, Xunta de Galicia, Aptdo. 13, E-36620 Vilanova de Arousa, Spain
2Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, Eduardo Cabello, 6, E-36208 Vigo, Spain
3Centro Costero de Vigo, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Aptdo 1552, E-36280 Vigo, Spain
**Present address: Centro Costero de Vigo, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Aptdo 1552, E-36280 Vigo, Spain

Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins are accumulated by bivalves during toxic plankton blooms. In these bivalves the toxins are distributed into different body tissues which have varying affinities for them, and later these toxins are transferred by the bivalves to other trophic levels. After the disappearance of the toxic cells, shellfish remain toxic for a variable period of time, depending on the detoxification kinetics. We studied these kinetics in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis previously exposed to a bloom of the PSP producing dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum. The toxin profile observed in the mussels was very similar to that of G. catenatum, showing that toxin transformations (chemical or enzymatic) had little or no importance in this case. The detoxification rates at all the sampling points decreased progressively from ca 0.25 to 0 d-1 following an inverse hyperbolic-like curve. These rates were related to different degrees to the environmental factors studied (salinity, temperature, and light transmission as a measure of seston volume, and in vivo fluorescence as a measure of phytoplankton concentration) and to fresh body weight during each sampling period (estimated by multiple regression). In general, detoxification rates became increasingly independent of the variables cited as the experiment progressed. One- and 2-compartment detoxification models, both with 2 variants (with fixed and variable detoxification rates depending on the environmental variables and body weight), were used to describe the detoxification kinetics observed. Neither of the 2 variants of the 1-compartment models correctly described detoxification. The 2-compartment models, on the other hand, particularly the environmentally controlled variant, fit the observed detoxification kinetics very well. There was only a slight difference between these last 2 models, which would suggest that the actual effect of the environmental variables considered in the detoxification process is unimportant.

PSP · Detoxification kinetics · Salinity · Temperature · Seston volume · Phytoplankton concentration · Body weight · Mussel · Gymnodinium catenatum

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