MEPS 232:129-140 (2002)  -  doi:10.3354/meps232129

Organic carbon flux in Shiraho coral reef (Ishigaki Island, Japan)

Hiroshi Hata1,2,*, Setsuko Kudo2, Hiroya Yamano2,3, Norihide Kurano1, Hajime Kayanne2,4

1Marine Biotechnology Institute, Kamaishi Laboratories, 3-75-1 Heita, Kamaishi City, Iwate 026-0001, Japan
2Japan Science and Technology Corporation, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi City, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
3National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki 305-8506 Japan
4Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
*Present address: Hazama Technical Research Institute, 515-1, Karima, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0822, Japan E-mail:

ABSTRACT: Organic carbon flux and community production rates were estimated on Shiraho coral reef (Ishigaki Island, Japan) from 19 to 26 September 1998. The daily net community production (Pn) and respiration rate (R) during the study period were 3 to 79 and 596 mmolC m-2 d-1, respectively. This resulted in a daily gross community production (Pg) of 599 to 675 mmolC m-2 d-1. The variation of Pn associated with the uncertainty of the curve fitting parameters of light response curves for photosynthesis was estimated using an error propagation formula. The averaged Pn ± SE was 36 ± 12 mmolC m-2 d-1 (n = 23), indicating that the Pn was significantly positive (t-test, p < 0.05). The apparent fluxes of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC) on the reef were estimated as 30 to 36 and 5 to 7 mmolC m-2 d-1, respectively; The sum of which was comparable with the Pn during the study period. The sediment trap study conducted at 1 km off the reef and 40 m depth showed that the vertical flux of POC was 1.0 mmolC m-2 d-1. The results indicated that 6 to 7 % of the Pg was exported to offshore and about 14 to 20% of the POC exported from the reef flat and 0.2% of the Pg reached 1 km off and 40 m depth.


KEY WORDS: Coral reef · Shiraho · Community production · Carbon flux · DOC · POC · Sediment trap


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